Current developments: battleground Arctica and lawfare opportunities

  • Sascha-Dov Bachmann
  • Andres B. Munoz Mosquera
Keywords: Arctic regions, International law, treaties, territorial jurisdiction


In this article the authors highlight briefly the precarious and fragmented Arctic legal architecture and notes its faultlines, which appear to have given opportunities to Russia to adapt the successful Hadesian lawfare pattern applied in Crimea (and to a certain extent in Syria) for its Arctic ambitions. They argue that Hadesian lawfare has been used to distort the rule of law’s leading principles and underpinnings, while in contrast lawfare qualifies as Zeusian if used to reaffirm and strengthen the principles of law.


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